Testicular cancer is the second most common cancer in young men aged 34 years and younger.1
Symptoms and diagnosis:
Testicular cancer may cause no symptoms. The most common symptom is a painless swelling or a lump in a testicle.
Less common symptoms include:
- feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- change in the size or shape of the testicle
- feeling of unevenness
- pain or ache in the lower abdomen, the testicle or scrotum
- enlargement or tenderness of the breast.
Tests used to diagnose testicular cancer include:
- ultrasound (to confirm the presence of a mass) and
- blood tests for the tumour markers alpha-fetoprotein, beta human chorionic gonadotrophin and
lactate dehydrogenase. 2
What do I do if I am concerned?
- Chat to your general practitioner
- Contact the Cancer Council Helpline on 13 11 20